Latest World News: A robot that can breathe and sweat helps scientists understand

ANDI the robot has internal cooling channels that help it in various scenarios.

Scientists concerned about changes in Earth’s climate are using a robot to study the impact of soaring heat on humans. Called ANDI – short for Advanced Newton Dynamic Instrument – looks like a simple crash-test dummy. But he has the ability to breathe, shiver and even sweat. ANDI was developed by researchers at Arizona State University in the United States. And it’s being used in Phoenix to understand what happens to the body when a human experiences heat stroke and how can we protect ourselves in a warming planet.

The University issued a press release on the unique robot in May this year. It can mimic the thermal functions of the human body and has 35 different surfaces that are all individually controlled with temperature sensors, heat flux sensors and sweat pores.

“It’s the world’s first outdoor thermal dummy that we can regularly take outside and (…) measure the amount of heat it receives from the environment,” mechanical engineering professor Konrad Rykaczewski told AFP.

The robot is “a very realistic way to experimentally measure how a human person reacts to extreme weather” without putting people themselves at risk, the researcher added.

Until now, there were only about ten such models, and none of them could venture outside. But this ANDI is only one of two used by research institutions and the first to have a unique internal cooling channel.

Arizona’s capital, Phoenix, is experiencing the longest heat wave in its history. On Friday, the temperature exceeded 110 43 degrees Celsius for the 22nd day in a row.

“You can’t put humans in dangerous extreme heat situations and test what would happen,” said Jenni Vanos, associate professor at the School of Sustainability. “But there are situations we know of in the valley where people are dying of heat and we still don’t fully understand what happened. ANDI can help us understand that.”

At ANDI’s home, a newly developed thermal chamber, researchers can simulate heat exposure scenarios from different locations around the world. Here, the temperature can reach up to 60 degrees Celsius.

The robot has internal cooling channels that help ANDI in various scenarios – solar radiation from the sun, infrared radiation from the ground, and convection from the surrounding air.

The researchers hope the robot will provide a better understanding of hyperthermia – that is, when a body overheats, a condition that threatens a growing proportion of the world’s population due to global warming.

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An Overview of Global Events in 2023

In 2023, the world witnessed a myriad of events that left a lasting impact on global affairs. From political developments and economic shifts to environmental challenges and breakthroughs in science and technology, the year was marked by significant changes and a sense of urgency for collective action. Here’s an overview of some of the latest world news in 2023.

Political Unrest and Diplomatic Strides:
In the political arena, several regions experienced unrest and geopolitical tensions. The ongoing conflict in the Middle East continued to dominate headlines, with efforts towards peace and stability remaining elusive. However, there were also moments of diplomatic breakthroughs as nations engaged in dialogues to ease tensions and work towards lasting solutions.

Economic Transformations:
The global economy faced both challenges and opportunities. Trade disputes between major powers affected markets, while some countries grappled with debt crises. On the other hand, emerging economies showed resilience and promising growth, fueling optimism for a more balanced global economic landscape.

Technological Advancements:
Innovation surged forward in the tech industry, with breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, renewable energy, and space exploration. Quantum computing achieved milestones, promising radical transformations across industries. Renewable energy sources gained traction, with many countries setting ambitious goals to combat climate change.

Climate Crisis and Environmental Resilience:
As the climate crisis intensified, extreme weather events wreaked havoc in various parts of the world. Wildfires, hurricanes, and floods reminded humanity of the urgent need for climate action. In response, governments and communities across the globe doubled down on efforts to reduce carbon emissions, invest in sustainable infrastructure, and protect biodiversity.

Health and Pandemic Management:
Health remained a global priority as countries continued to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. With the emergence of new variants, vaccination efforts and public health measures remained crucial to curbing the spread of the virus. There were also significant advancements in medical research and technology, offering hope for better preparedness in handling future health crises.

Sports and Cultural Milestones:
Amidst the challenges, the world found moments of joy and unity through sports and culture. International sporting events brought together athletes from diverse backgrounds, promoting solidarity and camaraderie. Cultural exchanges and celebrations showcased the richness of human diversity and fostered mutual understanding.

In conclusion, the year 2023 was a dynamic period filled with significant events that shaped the course of history. From political unrest to technological advancements and environmental challenges, the world witnessed the complexities of the global landscape. While obstacles remained, there were also encouraging developments and collaborative efforts towards a more sustainable, peaceful, and prosperous future for all nations. As we move forward, the lessons learned from these events serve as a reminder of the importance of collective action and cooperation to address shared global challenges.